Modelling and Simulation of Ecosystems

Workshop Kölpinsee 2014

Nguyen Xuan Thinh (ed.)

Kurzübersicht

Modelling is an essential element in science and research. In every scientific discipline modelling and simulation is the third pillar for the development of knowledge, in addition to theory and experiment. This book documents the revised contributions to the 18th Workshop Modelling and Simulation of Ecosystems in 2014 and reflects the variety of approaches and tools of the modellers as well as the wide range of modelling and simulation of ecosystems.
ISBN: 978-3-944101-41-5
Veröffentlicht: 25.10.2015, 2015. Auflage, Einband: Broschur, Abbildung und Tabellen: zahlr., 20 davon farbig, Seiten 272, Format 170x240 mm, Gewicht 0.5 kg
Lieferzeit: 2-3 Tage
Verfügbarkeit: Auf Lager
28,00 €

Modelling and Simulation of Ecosystems

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Nguyen Xuan Thinh (ed.):

Modelling and Simulation of Ecosystems

Workshop Kölpinsee 2014

272 Seiten. Kartoniert. Format: 170x240 mm. Zahlr. Abb. und Tab., 20 davon farbig. ISBN: 978-3-944101-41-5, Preis: 28,00 Euro, Rhombos-Verlag, Berlin 2015
.

Herausgeber:

Nguyen Xuan Thinh ist seit 2011 Professor für Raumbezogene Informationsverarbeitung und Modellbildung an der TU Dortmund. Zurzeit ist er Prodekan der Fakultät Raum Planung, TU Dortmund. Seit 2012 organisiert und leitet er im Auftrag des Fachausschusses „Informatik für Umweltschutz, Nachhaltige Entwicklung und Risikomanagement“ der Gesellschaft für Informatik e. V. (GI) den traditionellen Workshop „Modellierung und Simulation von Ökosystemen“. Schwerpunkte seiner Forschung und Lehre sind Geoinformatik und Fernerkundung sowie Anwendungen in aktuellen Themen wie zum Beispiel effiziente Flächennutzung, erneuerbare Energien, Klimawandel sowie Risikomanagement, 3D-GIS, zelluläre Simulation räumlicher Entwicklungen, GIS-basierte multikriterielle Bewertung, Geostatistik und raumbezogenes Data Mining.

The Editor:

Nguyen Xuan Thinh has been professor and head of the Department of Spatial Information Management and Modelling at TU Dortmund University since 2011. On behalf of the Technical Committee “Environmental Informatics” of the German Informatics Society (GI), he has been organized and led the traditional workshop „Modelling and Simulation of Ecosystems“ since 2012. Using mathematics, multiple criteria decision analysis, geographic information science, and remote sensing, he is working on the methods for analysis, assessment, and simulation of spatial patterns in the context of sustainable development, eco-efficiency, transformation of energy systems, climate change and risk management.

Kontakt:

Technische Universität Dortmund

Fakultät Raumplanung

Fachgebiet Raumbezogene Informationsverarbeitung und Modellbildung

August-Schmidt-Straße 10

44221 Dortmund

Tel: +49 (0231) 755-5839, Fax: +49 (0231) 755-2508

E-Mail: rim.rp@tu-dortmund.de (rim.rp at tu-dortmund.de)

http://www.raumplanung.tu-dortmund.de/rim/cms/nguyen-xuan-thinh/index.php

 

About the Book

Modelling is an essential element in science and research. In every scientific discipline modelling and simulation is the third pillar for the development of knowledge, in addition to theory and experiment. This book documents the revised contributions to the 18th Workshop Modelling and Simulation of Ecosystems in 2014 and reflects the variety of approaches and tools of the modellers as well as the wide range of modelling and simulation of ecosystems.

The contributions describe various calculation algorithms and modelling techniques, such as cellular automata, neural networks and fuzzy modelling. The authors have partly further developed or modifi ed some modelling approaches. The modelling presented in this book will deal with impacts of climate change on agricultural productivity, spatial database for planning of power grids and development of spatial data infrastructures, air pollution, fl ow network, urban transport system, relationship between urban form and energy consumption, compactness, efficiency and environmental quality of cities, rainfall-runoff, water intake, status and structure of landscape, urban growth, and dispersion of Western corn rootworm. Two contributions show applications of GIS based multiple criteria evaluation methods. One article discusses the new paradigm of open science. The results presented here have both theoretical-methodological and planning practical significance.

PREFACE

Modelling is an essential element in science and research. In every scientific discipline modelling and simulation is the third pillar for the development of knowledge, in addition to theory and experiment. This book documents the revised contributions to the 18th Workshop Modelling and Simulation of Ecosystems in 2014 and reflects the variety of approaches and tools of the modellers as well as the wide range of modelling and simulation of ecosystems.

In the contribution of Mirschel, Ajibefun, and Wieland, the yield of winter wheat, winter barley and silage maize is estimated area-wide for the five Eastern German states with the help of the Spatial Analysis and Modeling Tool (SAMT) and the regional yield evaluating model YIELDSTAT. The yield results from the climatic time period 1971-2000 were contrasted with those from the time period 2021- 2050 and changes in the yield dependent on climatic changes were shown.

 Kopec presents a method to efficiently determine and evaluate optimal routes of power lines, which was developed in the project “Bewertung und Planung von Stromnetzen” (evaluation and planning of grids) supported by the Federal Ministry for Economic Affairs and Energy. The evaluation follows the approach of the multi-criteria Pareto-optimization and is meant to generate universally valid results and routes of power lines based on a nation-wide and harmonized spatial database.

 Holnicki, Kaluszko, and Stankiewicz present selected results of air quality forecasts in Warsaw Metropolitan Area, Poland, for 2012 year’s emission and meteorological dataset. The regional scale CALMET/CALPUFF modelling system is used as the forecasting tool for air pollution predictions.

 Studziński, Wójtowicz and Ziółkowski present an ICT System which was developed in the Systems Research Institute of Polish Academy of Sciences and is designed for the management of municipal water systems.

 In his contribution Malinowski deals with reliability analysis of a flow network with directed links and three types of nodes: inflow points, transit-only nodes, and outflow points.

 The paper of Owsiński, Mażbic-Kulma, Stańczak et al. deals with the identification of the location of changing places between modes of transport to get to the city center. It is devoted to the formulation of the problem, description of some algorithms used in solving this problem within a definite procedure that is proposed by the authors, and the discussion of the potential consequences for the broader systemic environment, i.e. city shape and dynamic externalities.

Zhao and Thinh attempted to quantitatively analyze the relationship between urban form and energy consumption. Spatial metrics were utilized to measure urban forms with the help of ArcGIS, Erdas Imagine and Fragstats. Simultaneously, the energy consumption from urban districts was estimated based on the Nighttime light data (NTL).

The article of Schwarzak and Behnisch exemplarily describes the application of an approved measure concept of the use density weighted urban sprawl by Schwick and Jaeger for the city region of Berlin and explains the components contained and their spatial variation using a concentric zone model.

Behnisch, Lehmann, and Schumacher deal with the question  to which  extent a comparative description of cities regarding the topics compactness, efficiency and environmental quality is possible using index-based analyses.

Using a self-developed approach, Vogel shows how the INSPIRE Consolidated UML Model under the extension of the software-development tool Enterprise Architect can be modeled automatically for the most part in PostgreSQL/PostGIS-databases.

The contribution of Tran, Johns, Hochman et al. deals with problems of rainfall runoff prediction in ungauged catchments. It attempts to quantify the effects of non-linear input determination and model parameter cross-relationship using Partial Mutual Information (PMI) algorithm grouping parameters into sets.

In the contribution of Elmorshdy and Thinh, Integrated Coastal Zone Management (ICZM) and Spatial Planning Policies with respect to Land Use and Land Cover (LULC) changes and the identified deficits, gaps, and obstacles are studied in order to better implement ICZM in the light of environmental and socio-economic perceptions. Also land suitability  analysis  by integrating Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP) and Compromise Programming (CP) for Multiple Criteria Decision Making (MCDM) is described.

Spieß, Thinh and Wieland present a multiple criteria evaluation of the suitability of sites for settlement based on grid cells and the Fuzzy Theory.

In the article of Wieland, Meier, Deumlich et al. the application of historical maps, non-cartographic data and environmental information accessible nowadays in the reconstruction of historical landscapes (percentage of forest- and non-forest-areas) with utilization of Random Forest Models is shown.

Wieland, Thinh and Spieß deal with the further development of the Spatial Analysis and Modelling Tool (SAMT) to a Tool for the management of floodings. Management of floodings here means the evaluation of the suitability of re-activatable potential retention areas by using an integrated Multiple Criteria Decision Making Method (MCDM-method). The authors discuss the new paradigm of open science.

Li and Thinh applied the cellular automata (CA) model to simulate future urban growth scenarios. The paper proposed the integration method of Multi-Criteria Evaluation (MCE) and Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP) that can be utilized to effectively translate the qualitative descriptions for scenarios into quantitative spatial analysis.

Balschmiter presents a dispersion model of the western corn rootworm that was developed based on cellular automata to analyze dispersion scenarios taking into consideration dynamic population processes, crop rotation strategies and methods to combat.

Brodziak and Bylka describe and analyze state of the art decision support tools for water intake operators and show their possibilities. They discuss the need and concept for integration of tools for decision support on water intakes.

In a further contribution Vogel describes the system architecture and preferred technologies as well as a suitable prototype development environment for web-based decision-support systems in order to manage spatial databases from Parameterized Regional Futures (PRFs) in the context of global climate change.

Wei Hou and Walz analyze the landscape pattern in two aspects: habitat connectivity and landscape contrast. A vector-based algorithm named “multi-buffer” approach is applied in a real-world test site for mapping ecological networks (econets) using small habitats as stepping stones.

I would like express my special thanks to all the authors for their exemplary work and their very cooperative collaboration in the creation and improvement of the contributions. Katja Schimohr has created the PDF file of the book with great efforts. Dr Szilvia Kollar, Jakob Kopec, Florian Spieß and Karin Laske have helped in the review of the contributions. They deserve my thanks. Mr. Bernhard Reiser, publisher Rhombos, I express my great thanks for his excellent support and his valuable suggestions for improving the book layouts and for the design of the cover of the book.

Nguyen Xuan Thinh September 2015

Contents

Climate and Energy

Mirschel, W.; Ajibefun, I.; Wieland, R.

Auswirkungen der Klimaänderung auf die landwirtschaftliche Produktivität im Osten Deutschlands, dargestellt am Beispiel von Wintergetreide und Silomais          1

Kopec, J.

Bewertung und Planung von Stromnetzen – Datengrundlage, Verarbeitung und Modellierung  11

Air, Water and Grids

Holnicki, P.; Kałuszko, A.; Stankiewicz, K.

Remarks on accuracy in computer modeling of air pollution    33

Studziński, J.; Wójtowicz, P.; Ziółkowski, A.

Ein integriertes ICT System für das Management eines mittelgroßen Wasserwerkes      47

Malinowski, J.

Computation of reliability parameters for a flow network with repairable components and a special type of structure          59

Urban form and Geodatabase

Mażbic-Kulma, B.; Owsiński, J. W.; Stańczak, J.; Barski, A.; Sęp, K.

Shaping urban transport system: Convenience, environment and urban shape          71

Zhao, J.; Thinh, N.X.

Quantitative Analysis of Relationship between Urban Form and Energy Consumption for China’s Cities         83

Schwarzak, M.; Behnisch, M.

Zersiedelung in Großstadtregionen – regional differenzierte Untersuchung anhand der Stadt-Umland-Region Berlin     95

Behnisch, M.; Lehmann, I.; Schumacher, U.

Messgrößen im Umfeld von Kompaktheit, Effizienz und Umweltqualität von Städten       105

Vogel, R.

Enterprise Architect Add-In für die CASE Tool-basierte Generierung von Geodatenbankschemas: am Beispiel des INSPIRE Consolidated UML Models        119

Management of the urban Water Supply

Tran, T. V.; Johns, A.; Hochmann, J.; Panosot, G.

The effects of parameter estimation techniques on runoff prediction in ungauged catchments    135

Elmorshdy, M.; Thinh, N. X.

Introduction to the research “Towards an integrative approach in Urban Development Planning for Mediterranean cities of Egypt adopting the principles of Integrated Coastal Zone Management; Alexandria governorate as a case study”   145

Methods of Soft Computing

Spieß, F.; Thinh, N. X.; Wieland, R.

Multikriterielle Fuzzy-Bewertung der Eignung von Standorten für die Wohnbebauung am Beispiel der Stadt Dortmund.          155

Wieland, R.; Meier, K.; Deumlich, D.; Wulf, M.; Bauriegel, A.

Modellierung historischer Landschaftszustände mit Soft Computing Methoden          171

Wieland, R.; Thinh, N. X.; Spieß, F.

SAMT2 from Open Source to Open Science        181

Cellular Automata, Web-GIS and Decision-making Systems

Li, C.; Thinh, N. X.

Simulation of multiple urban growth scenario using cellular automata model: A case study of Xuzhou city, China       189

Balschmiter, T.

Ausbreitungsmodell von Diabrotica virgifera auf Basis von Zellularen Automaten  203

 Brodziak, R.; Bylka, J.

The use of computer simulation for decision support on water intake          217

 Vogel, R.

Prototypische Technologieintegration für ein WebGIS-basiertes Entscheidungsunterstützungs-system auf der Basis aktueller Softwarekomponenten und Frameworks     231

 Hou, W.; Walz, U.

Incorporation of ecotones and small habitats in landscape structure analysis:

a case study from Saxon Switzerland, Germany  243

 List of Authors      257

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